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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 04 October 2014
SATURDAY 4 OCTOBER 2014 23 GREECE Parthenon at risk of collapse The Acropolis is falling down and will need significant work to shore it up, archaeol- ogists have warned. Engineers have found that a section of the huge flat-topped rock on which the ancient Parthenon sits in Athens is beginning to give way, the Greek news agency ANA has said. The ancient citadel located on a high rocky outcrop above the Greek capital contains the remnants of some of the world's most historic ancient buildings, the most famous being the temple Parthenon. Teams from the Central Ar- chaeological Council found "instability over quite a wide area" after investigating a rockfall in January in which a boulder of "considerable size" tumbled from the most visited tourist site in Greece. Work to secure the southern slope of the hill on which the 2,500-year-old temple com- plex sits will be necessary and archaeologists have blamed rainwater pipes from the old Acropolis museum. There is evidence that the Acropolis was inhabited as far back as the fourth millen- nium BC, but it was Pericles in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site's most important buildings: the Parthenon, the Propylaia, the Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike. Construction on the Parthenon began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its pow- er. Despite sharp cuts else- where, the restoration work on the site that has been go- ing on since the 1970s has remained sacrosanct. Greece has endured six years in a recession, with unemploy- ment soaring to 27 per cent. For the first time since 2008 it is expected to see growth of around 0.4 per cent this year, The Times reported. The Acropolis is not the only ancient world monument un- der threat of collapse. Activ- ists have claimed the Pyra- mid of Djoser, the oldest pyr- amid in Egypt in the ancient burial ground of Saqqara, is being destroyed by the firm hired to restore it. Accord- ing to the Non-stop Robber- ies movement, the company hired by Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities to restore the pyramid - called Shurbagy - has broken preservation laws requiring that any new con- struction be less than 5 per cent of the preserved struc- ture. In March, further col- lapses in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii were reported amid calls for more restora- tion funding for the UNESCO world heritage site. Source: International Business Times A new exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago, ‘Heaven and Earth: Art of Byzantium from Greek Collections’, pre- sents more than 60 superb artworks of the Byzantine era, from the 4th to the 15th cen- turies. Organised by the Hel- lenic Ministry of Culture and Sports of Athens, with the col- laboration of the Benaki Mu- seum, Athens, and originally exhibited at the National Gal- lery of Art in Washington, DC, and the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, the exhibition includes major artistic hold- ings from Greece consisting of mosaics, sculptures, man- uscripts, luxury glass, silver, personal adornments, litur- gical textiles, icons, and wall paintings. About one third of the original exhibition will be presented in the Art Insti- tute's Mary and Michael Ja- haris Galleries of Greek, Ro- man and Byzantine art from 27 September 2014 through to 15 February 2015. Source: The Greek Star ‘Heaven and Earth’ opens at Art Institute of Chicago Byzantine art rings Three in every five Greeks, or some 6.3 million people, were living in poverty or un- der the threat of poverty in 2013 due to material depri- vation and unemployment, a report by parliament's State Budget Office showed on Thursday. Using data on household in- comes and living conditions, the report - titled ‘Minimum Income Policies in the Eu- ropean Union and Greece: A Comparative Analysis’ - found that "some 2.5 million people are below the thresh- old of relative poverty, which issetat60percentoftheav- erage household income". It added that "3.8 million peo- ple are facing the threat of poverty due to material dep- rivation and unemployment", resulting in a total of 6.3 mil- lion people. The State Budget Office's economists who drafted the report argued that in con- trast with other European countries "which implement programs to handle social inequalities, Greece, which faces huge phenomena of extreme poverty and social exclusion, is acting slowly". They added that there is high demand for social assistance, while its supply by the state is "fragmented and full of ad- ministrative malfunctions". In that context "the social safety net is inefficient, while there is no prospect for the recovery of income losses resulting from the economic recession in the near future", the report not- ed, reminding readers that the measure of the minimum guaranteed income "arrived in Greece belatedly". According to Eurostat Greece ranks top among the 28 European Union countries in terms of poverty risk and also has the highest poverty share in the population (23.1 per cent). Greece also ranks fourth among EU states in poverty disparity, after Spain, Romania and Bulgaria. Relative poverty is defined by the percentage of house- holds earning less than 60 per cent of an average house- hold's income in 2013 (for one person that amounted to 432 euros per month and for a four-member family to 908 euros). Source: Kathimerini Poverty hits 6.3 million people in Greece The Spartans have taken over London An army of Spartan warriors descended upon London with a mission in mind. Armed with spears and shields, these caped fighters waded through the bustling streets of the capital and jumped on the Tube with commuters. Thankfully, they were not there to wage war with Londoners. Instead they were called upon to promote the DVD release of 300: Rise of an Empire.
27 September 2014
11 October 2014