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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 26 March 2016
NEWS 6 THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 26 MARCH 2016 Why Greek Easter is on a different day A Greek priest explains By now it’s likely you’ve realised that Greek Easter doesn't usually fall on the same day as everyone else's. This year Orthodox Easter falls on 1 May while every other Christian is celebrating Easter tomorrow, and there's a good reason for that. The Orthodox Christian Church calculates the date of Easter differently to other Christian denominations; it’s not merely done to confuse everyone. But every now and then, the two methods result in both Easters falling on the same date. In the case of the Greek Church, they go by the Julian calendar, rather than the Gregorian calendar. This is the calendar that was officially implemented by Julius Caesar and was in use primarily between 45BC and AD1582, and was therefore used when the Orthodox Church was initially set up. Though much of the world now uses the Gregorian calendar, which replaced the Julian calendar, the custom has remained to use it to calculate the date of Easter, which is one of the reasons why Orthodox Easter often falls on a different date. After the 40 days of Lent, Orthodox Christians celebrate Holy Week, which begins on Palm Sunday. When Jesus first arrived in Jerusalem, he was hailed as a king, and this is the occasion honoured during Palm Sunday. As the events of Holy Week unfold, Orthodox Christians commemorate the events that led up to his arrest, execution, and then his resurrection. In the Bible, all of these events took place after Passover. There is some debate among scholars as to whether or not the Last Supper was actually a Passover meal. However, in the Orthodox Church, it is acknowledged that Jesus and his disciples shared this Passover meal together. Through this meal, Jesus established the Holy Eucharist, thus transforming the custom from a Jewish one to a Christian one. As you may recall, this meal happened shortly before Jesus was arrested. Judas sat at that supper table knowing that he had betrayed Jesus and that his arrest was inevitable. Note that Passover falls at a different time each year, which is another reason why the date for Easter varies. Another important element to calculating Greek Easter is the autumn equinox. Generally, the date for Easter is set on the first full moon after both the autumn equinox and Passover. Each year, the date of the autumn equinox in the Julian calendar is slightly different, usually falling somewhere in the third week of March. However, since it differs each year, it can also affect when Greek Easter falls. With all this in mind, it’s easy to see why calculating the date of Greek Easter can be a difficult task and is the main reason why Eastern and Western Easter often fall on different days. Once every few years, how- ever, the days coincide, but this is the exception and not the rule. Source: GreekBoston.com Reinterpreting the legacy of Adamantios Koraes As part of the GOCMV's Greek History and Culture Seminars, Professor Vrasidas Karalis will present a lecture on Adamantios Koraes and the birth of modern Greece. The work and personality of Adamantios Koraes (17481833) has been discussed in many ways, namely his contribution to the creation of modern Greek nationalism and his invention of katharevousa. But in his presentation, Professor Karalis will enter uncharted waters, instead presenting a discussion of Koraes' systematic critique of religion and the ecclesiastical establishment in his Professor Vrasidas Karalis attempt to create the foundations for a modern secular state after the Greek Revolution of 1821. The paper presented will offer a brief discussion about Koraes' life and work, challenging the traditional view about katharevousa, and will address the issues of secularisation and secular identity as raised by Koraes in many of his works, especially in his edition of Paul's Letter to Timothy and his translation of Aristotle's Politics. The project of political secularisation as envisaged by Koraes remains to this day one of the most incomplete projects of modernity and modernisation in Greek social culture and polity. In an era of social implosion, the presentation will put forward the possibilities of reinterpreting that legacy. Professor Karalis holds the Sir Nicholas Laurantos Chair in the Department of Modern Greek and Byzantine Studies at the University of Sydney, and has published on Hannah Arendt, Martin Heidegger, Cornelius Castoriadis, Theo Angelopoulos, Andrey Tarkovsky, Alfred Hitchcock, European cinema and global cinemas. The lecture will take place at the Ithacan Philanthropic Society (Level 2, 329 Elizabeth St., Melbourne, VIC) on Thursday 31 March at 7.00 pm. Attendance is free. Major benefactors Rita and Con Berbatis unveil a plaque in honour of George & Despina Berbatis, with the help of the deputy regional governor of Thessaloniki, Paraskevi (Voula) Patoulidou. DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM St Andrews unveils George & Despina Berbatis Gymnasium Perth's St Andrew's Grammar officially opened the doors of the George & Despina Berbatis Gymnasium on Sunday. The highly-anticipated event was well attended by more than 400 guests, including students, parents, families and friends of the school, along with representatives of the Hellenic Association of WA. Also in attendance was the Premier of Western Australia, Colin Barnett MLA; Senator Linda Reynolds; Member for Perth and the first school teacher at St Andrew's Grammar, Eleni Evangel MLA; deputy regional governor of Thessaloniki, Paraskevi (Voula) Patoulidou; Tom Koutsanbanis MLA and Alannah MacTiernan MLA. The project was jointly funded by the Australian government, Western Australian government, and a significant financial contribution by the Berbatis family and the Hellenic Association of Western Australia. Premier Colin Barnett with the head girl and head boy of St Andrew’s Grammar outside the George & Despina Berbatis Gymnasium. Senator Linda Reynolds and Premier Colin Barnett unveil the plaque commemorating the official opening of the gymnasium.
19 March 2016
2 April 2016