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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 21 May 2016
DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 21 MAY 2016 23 GREECE Cypriot leaders still on track for reunification Turkey ditches visa demands for Greek Cypriots The leaders of Greek and Turkish Cypriots have expressed hopes of reaching a reunification deal by the end of 2016. In a joint statement released last week, Greek Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades and his Turkish counterpart Mustafa Akinci said they share a common goal, since the island's reunification is a win-win solution to end four decades of division. "We would like to underline our commitment to intensify our efforts in the coming months, with the aim of reaching a comprehensive settlement agreement within 2016," Anastasiades and Acinci stated, celebrating a year of "intensive negotiations" since 15 May 2015. "Although there are still difficulties and differences, we are determined to show the necessary will and courage to overcome the remaining outstanding issues," they added, stressing that "a just and lasting settlement" would ensure stability in the wider eastern Mediterranean region. However, it has been deemed essential by US, UK and Russian diplomatic officials alike that issues pertaining to territorial adjustments, power sharing and property rights should be settled beforehand. The lack of resolution on Cyprus is one of the factors holding back Ankara's bid to join the European Union, yet Ankara has gotten new leverage on negotiating its place in the EU. The government in Ankara will stop demanding visas from Greek Cypriots visiting Turkey but it will not recognise the Cypriot government in Nicosia, AP reports. As part of the refugee relocation deal, Turkey negotiated the chance of visa-free short-term travel for its citizens in Europe by entering the Schengen free movement zone. "We're not taking in refugees for thanks," President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stressed in early April, demanding the review process for Turkey's EU membership be revisited. "Some three million people are being fed on our budget," he clarified. "We have received a lot of thanks for our actions on the refugees and in the fight against terrorism. But we are not doing this for thanks." Turkey is also to receive remuneration between three billion and six billion euros to accommodate refugees. Over 27,000 protests in Athens since 2011 Recent statistics released by Greek police authorities have revealed that between the years 2011 and 2015 there were 27,103 protests and rallies in the Greek capital. According to a report by Kathimerini, demonstrations reached their peak in 2013, during which 6,231 were recorded in Athens. The majority, however, were only sparsely attended; those attended by more than 1,000 people in 2012 were 61, 72 in 2013, falling to 58 in 2014 and increasing to 72 in 2015. The data also showed that during this period, Greek police supplied a total of 702,443 officers to be present during protests. What’s changing in Greek taxes? KATERINA SIROUNI It is that cheerful time of the year again - tax season. The deadline for residents abroad filing taxes is currently 30 June 2016 but as usual, it may be extended last minute. Guidelines by the Greek government have been announced and not much has changed for those residing abroad. The two key points to keep in mind are: If you do not receive income from Greek sources, such as rental, pensions or inter- est from bank accounts, for example, you are NOT REQUIRED to submit income tax files for the year 2015. You are not required to submit official documentation as proof of residency from the country you live if you are required to submit income tax files. For example, US citizens are no longer required to submit the ‘6166 Certificate’ issued by the IRS. What's changed in Capital Controls? The limit of withdrawing €420 per week and transferring €1,000 abroad still stands. These restrictions also apply when using your Greek ATM card anywhere abroad. The good news is that there have been some changes in opening new savings accounts. If you are an existing customer in a bank and therefore already have a customer ID, you can now open a separate new account. To give you an example, if you have a joint account with other persons, you can now open a separate account with only your name on it. About ENFIA: If there have not been any changes regarding your real property, you simply pay the ENFIA property tax when issued. If there have been changes that have not been declared, such as legalising illegal area (Law No. 4178/13 for example), then you must correct your E9 property declaration form. Katerina Sirouni is an architect engineer and property inspector, a member of The Technical Chamber of Greece, The Association of Architects in Greece and The Energy Inspectorate in Greece. For more information go to www.ksirouni.com Greek takes out Barista & Farmer 2016 award Athenian barman Nikolaos Kanakaris proved to be right at home on the Brazilian coffee farm Athenian barman Nikolaos Kanakaris has taken out the winning title of this year's reality talent show Barista & Farmer. Now in its third series, 10 contestants selected from 200 participants were required to live the life of a coffee producer at O'Coffee company in Brazil for the duration of 11 days. Held from 3-13 May, according to Bean Scene Mag finalists were expected to wake up at sunrise each day, followed by long morning on the farm. They were also put through a series of challenges rang- ing from coffee picking, weighing and using a depulping machine. Their afternoons were taken up by classes at the Barista & Farmer Academy, where contestants learnt about different coffee production methods, roasting, green and coffee sensory tasting sessions, and field demonstrations. While he is excited to have taken out first place, Kanakaris says the experience was far more than a mere competition. "As I have said from the very first day, there are no words to describe this experience, but I must confess that winning the competition is truly not that important," said Kanakaris. "Instead, what is important is the relationships I have built with the people I have met thanks to this program, who will always be close to my heart." Aside from having accumulating the most points through a series of tests and collecting the most kilos of coffee, it's not surprising to hear that it was the Greek barista's positive attitude and team spirit that won him extra points. Named runner-up was Russian Olga Kaplina, followed by local Brazilian barista Raphael Ferraz De Sousa in third place. Australia also took part in the series, represented by barista Rosey Hill of D'Angelo Coffee in Adelaide. Dedicated to the promotion and culture of speciality coffee, Barista & Farmer was created by three-time Italian Barista Champion Francesco Sanapo together with Rimini Fiera, Sigep, and the Specialty Coffee Association of Europe. A documentary of Barista & Farmer 2016 is currently in the works. For more information, visit www.baristafarmer.com 2,500-year-old night sky Scientists try to bring the words of an ancient Greek poem to life Ever thought about what the night sky looked like during antiquity in Greece? According to RT, scientists from the University of Texas have, and they are one step closer to satisfying their curiosity. The experiment included in the Journal of Astronomical History and Heritage saw a group of astronomers and physicians recreate the night from ancient Greece using advanced planetarium software, and by drawing from Midnight Poem written by Sappho hundreds of centuries ago. Through Starry Night version 7.3 and Digistar 5, coupled with the information provided in the poem, scientists were not only able to recreate and study the night sky over the island of Lesvos, where the piece was written, but also attempt to identify the precise date it was written in 570BC. "Estimations had been made for the timing of this poem in the past, but we were able to scientifically confirm the season that corresponds to her specific descriptions of the night sky in the year 570BC," said the lead author and physics professor at Arlington, Manfred Cuntz. In Midnight Poem, the poet mentions the star cluster Pleiades, used by sailors at times for navigation. This reference led Cuntz and his team to look into the earliest and latest days that the cluster would have been visible in 570BC. "From there, we were able to accurately seasonally date this poem to mid-winter and early spring, scientifically confirming earlier estima- tions by other scholars," he said. "The timing question is complex, as at that time they did not have accurate mechanical clocks as we do, only perhaps water clocks. For that reason, we also identified the latest date on which the Pleiades would have been visible to Sappho from that location on different dates some time during the evening." So far they have identified the earliest date the poem could have been written as January 25, and the latest March 31 in the year 570BC.
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