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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 30 July 2016
DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 30 JULY 2016 21 GREECE THE HELLENIC DIASPORA CENSUS The formation of the Parliament of the Hellenic Diaspora requires that we have precise knowledge of the extent of Hellenism worldwide, so that it is clear who has the right to participate in the elections and be elected as representatives in the countries they reside. Such a census can include, provided of course they wish to be included in it, both recent immigrants as well as immigrants of the last century and their descendants. All those who until today have Hellenic Diaspora consciousness, retain the Greek language and Greek culture and promote their relations with mainland Greece, no matter at which period and how they migrated to their countries of residence, can also be included. Examples include, among others, the Grekanoi of Southern Italy and the Mariopoulites of Ukraine, which until this day live in their ancestral hearth and maintain their Greek identity. There is dispersed Hellenism in the countries of the former Soviet Union and the Balkans, who could possibly be interested in participating in such a process and could be included in a census of Hellenism. Let us not forget the countries of the North and South American continent, where the most populous part of the Hellenic Diaspora reside, as well as Africa and Asia where there are scattered Greeks, and especially Australia, where the most dynamic part of world Hellenism operates. PHOTOAAP VIA AP PHOTO/PETROS GIANNAKOURIS - Participation in specific procedures of the Greek Parliament, - Promotion of the interests of Hellenism, - Strengthening of the representation of Hellenism in political forums abroad, since its representatives are members of the Greek Parliament, - Promoting Greek language to Greeks abroad, so that there is no Greek who does not know the Greek language and its dissemination throughout the world, and finally - Promotion of Greek culture. The responsibilities and the rules of procedure of the Hellenic Diaspora Parliament are drawn up by the Parliament itself. THE 49 ELECTED REPRESENTATIVES OF THE HELLENIC DIASPORA MEET IN ELECTORAL ASSEMBLY AND ELECT THE PRIME MINISTER AND A SEVEN-MEMBER CABINET AS FOLLOWS: 1. Greek Language and Language Minister of Diaspora Affairs, aiming to promote the Greek language to Greeks abroad and its spread throughout the world, promoting the teaching of Greek language in the countries where Greeks live abroad. 2. Greek Culture Minister of Diaspora, with the aim of preserving, upgrading, and disseminating Greek culture. 3. Trade and Industry Cooperation and Development Minister of Diaspora, which promotes trade and industrial cooperation and exchanges between the Greeks abroad and Greece, as well as the commercial and industrial development and international cooperation. 4. International Policy and Diplomacy Minister of Diaspora, responsible for the support and improvement of living conditions of Greeks abroad in their countries of residence and strengthening the relations of their countries of residence to the country of origin. 5. Greek and International Migration Affairs Minister of Diaspora, with the aim to facilitate the Greeks who migrate abroad, Greeks abroad who wish to repatriate and generally international migration and migration policies in relation to the Greeks. 6. Tourism and Environment Minister of Diaspora, aiming at strengthening the development of tourist flows towards Greece and the promotion of the outstanding Greek natural beauty and seas abroad. 7. Youth Minister of Diaspora, aiming at the development of actions for rallying Greek youth abroad and their engagement with Hellenism issues both in their region and internationally. To enable the formation of the Parliament of the Hellenic Diaspora and policymaking on the part of the Greek state to create diaspora consciousness to the worldwide Hellenism, a census of all who make up the international Hellenism must be carried out. The census must be carried out with great caution and under the supervision of the local Greek embassies and consulates, which grant a Hellenic Diaspora ID card to those who have been registered. In the census process staff participate as assistants and associates to the overseas Greek communities. The census of Greek origin citizens for the electoral list of the Hellenic Diaspora is formed, which is renewed with the personal responsibility of those registered and controlled by the Greek delegations in their countries of residence. In the census the following are involved: Greeks abroad, descendants of Greeks abroad, Emeritus Greeks, and philhellenes. GREEKS ABROAD Greeks abroad are those who have Greek origin by one or both of their forebears and have sufficient knowledge of the Greek language, which they achieved by participating in educational processes while maintaining their Greek national identity. Therefore they are eligible to participate not only as voters in the electoral procedures for the Parliament of the Hellenic Diaspora, but also to be candidates to win the parliamentary office. THE DESCENDANTS OF GREEKS LIVING ABROAD Descendants of Greeks abroad are those who are of Greek origin from one or both forebears, who do not have knowledge of the Greek language but accept their Greek origin and potentially may acquire the Greek national identity. The descendants of the Greeks abroad, if they wish, can participate in elections only as voters, as they do not have knowledge of the Greek language, which is a prerequisite for participating in the elections for a parliamentary office. EMERITUS GREEKS There are a large number of foreign academics worldwide in university departments of Classical Studies, whose research and teaching discipline is ancient Greek language and literature and who are largely familiar with the Modern Greek language. Aside from these, there is also a significant number of foreign academics whose discipline is the Modern Greek language and literature, as well as Byzantine history and language. These people are termed "Hellenists", which relates to the advocates of Greek culture and national rights of the Greeks. Consequently, those who wish to participate in elections for the Parliament of the Hellenic Diaspora both as voters and as candidates are entitled to as they have knowledge of the Greek language and have gained through their studies the Greek cultural identity and are therefore considered Emeritus Greeks. PHILHELLENES Philhellenism, attested from 1761, is an ideological and political movement developed in European countries and in the US, which sought the moral and material support of the Greeks before and during the revolution of 1821. Accordingly, philhellenes are regarded as foreigners who show special sympathy, love and support to the Greeks and Greece and selflessly support their rights and interests. Philhellenism never ceased to exist, but is manifested depending on the circumstances. Therefore, those who are proven to be philhellenes, are granted the identity of philhellene and can participate in elections for the Parliament of the Hellenic diaspora as voters, and if they have sufficient knowledge of the Greek language as candidates for a parliamentary office as well. Written by Pantelis Georgogiannis, president of the political formation 'Protagonistes'.
23 July 2016
6 August 2016