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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 09 September 2017
24 THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 9 SEPTEMBER 2017 DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM Greek beer 56 Isles receives Great Taste award Paros Microbrewery’s pilsner praised by Guild of Fine Food Nicolas Pavlakis and Marinos Alexandrou have an extra reason to celebrate these days as their wellknown in Greece premium beer 56 Isles was awarded with a Great Taste award from the UK's Guild of Fine Food. The Paros Microbrewery pilsner on Paros won a black and gold Great Taste label, becoming the only Greek beer to earn the acclaimed badge. This year, 12,366 products were reviewed by over 500 judges, following a marathon of blind-tasting by esteemed food critics, journalists, chefs, restaurant and bar owners, writers and alcoholic beverage connoisseurs. "We are proud that a qual- Rise in number of refugees crossing the Aegean Migrant reception centres on some Greek islands are facing increased pressure, as the number of asylum seekers crossing the Aegean Sea by boat is on the rise. According to Greek authorities, 1,092 people have arrived to Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Kos, and Leros since 28 August. As the Ministry of Migration explained, during that weekend alone, 576 refugees arrived on Greek shores from Turkey, most of them landing on Lesvos, with 29 on Chios and 159 on Samos. This surge increased the refugee population at Lesvos island's hotspot to 3,787, even though it has a capacity for 2,300 people. Lesvos is not the only east Aegean island affected, Kathimerini reports. Samos is also overcrowded; its hotspot was designed to host 700 people instead of the 2,369 who are stranded there for months. What's more concerning is that boats have also arrived on other islands, which lack the appropriate designed spaces for the identification and temporary lodgement facilities to help. But even in islands with adequate infrastructure, overcrowding often results to tensions. This occured last weekend in Samos, where a clash between Syrian and Iraqi refugees led to five being hospitalised with knife wounds. Despite these events, the Greek authorities stress that there is no cause of particular concern, as this increase in arrivals is similar to the same period last year. What is concerning though, is the fact that there seems to be a freeze in the implementation of the Turkey - EU agreement signed in March 2016, which sees the return of migrant populations to Turkey. This has not happened for the last two months. ity Greek product gained international recognition. In our first year of production and the first time entering a competition we got our first star," Marinos Alexandrou, co-founder of Paros Microbrewery, said in an announcement adding, "This badge of honour reflects all the time, effort and – above all – the passion we have put in creating 56 Isles." Scientists confirm the oldest human-like footprints on Crete The rock on which the fossil footprints were found goes back 5.7 million years According to a study published by the Geologists’ Association on 31 August entitled ‘Possible Hominin Footprints From the Late Miocene (c. 5.7 Ma) of Crete?’ the first upright standing human ancestors appeared on the Greek island of Crete. Tests place the age of the rock on which the fossilised footprints were found at 5.7 million years old; a time that human ancestors were believed to have apelike feet and lived only in Africa. The findings, close to the village of Trachilos, west of Kissamos (also known as Kastelli), in the Chania prefecture of Crete, show these ancestors had prominent human features and an upright stance as indicated by the shape of the foot which is quite similar to that of modern humans. "The interpretation of these footprints is potentially controversial,” the study’s abstract admits. “The print morphology suggests that the trackmaker Comparison of Trachilos footprint with bears (top), non-hominin primates (middle), and hominins (bottom). (a) Brown bear (b) Grizzly bear (c) Vervet monkey (d) Lowland gorilla (e) chimpanzee (f) modern human (g) Trachilos footprint (h) modern human foot (i) Archaic Homo footprint. The Trachilos prints have a big toe very similar to our own in size, shape, and position. It has a distinct ball on its sole. It has the human-like sole. It doesn’t have claws. PHOTO: PROFESSOR PER ERIK AHLBERG was a basal member of the clade Hominini (human ancestral tree), but as Crete is some distance outside the known geographical range of pre-Pleistocene (2.5 million to 11,700 years ago) hominins we must also entertain the possibility that they represent a hitherto unknown late Miocene primate that convergently evolved human-like foot anatomy," the researchers explain. The prints were pressed into the firm wet sands of a small river delta at a time when the Sahara was lush and green, and savanna extended from North Africa around the Eastern Mediterranean. Crete itself was still part of the Greek mainland then. The footprints were discovered by Polish Geological Institute paleontologist Gerard Gierlinski by chance when he was on holiday on Crete in 2002. Gierlinski identified the footprints as mammal but did not interpret them further at the time. In 2010 he returned to the site with fellow Polish paleontologist Grzegorz Niedzwiedzki (now at Uppsala University) to study the footprints in detail. Together they came to the conclusion that the footprints were made by hominins. PHOTO: ANDRZEJ BOCZAROWSKI Another obstacle in Elliniko development saga: archaeologists It's been more than 15 years sicne the last aeroplane took off from the Elliniko International Airport in Athens, and the fate of the site still remains on hold. A plan for development put forward last year by a consortium of Greek, Chinese and Arab investors could see the old airport turning into a large seaside park (as big as Central Park in New York or the Royal Botanical Gardens). That plan was expected to incorporate hangars and some of the original edifices including the main building, designed by seminal Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen, considered a landmark of significant architectural and historical value. However, development was once again stalled on Tuesday by the Central Archaeological Council (KAS) of the Ministry development, if not effectively killing it altogether. The project was launched The main building of the former East Terminal designed by renowned Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen. of Culture, which convened to determine whether any parts of the plot are of archaeological interest. The council greenlights all major developments given Greece's status as a land of great archaeological value. The postponement to further discuss the matter caused concern about the prospect of the €915 million investment. This is the latest in long list of obstacles and delays, the most recent of which occurred in May, when when the Piraeus Forestry Authority deemed that a 3.7-hectare portion of the Elliniko plot is woodland and as such is protected and cannot be built upon. Now, if KAS declares the plot of archaeological interest, investors would need to secure permits for each section of the construction, further stalling by previous Greek governments and had met the fierce opposition of Syriza, the party in power. However, Alexis Tsipras' government changed position and agreed to go forward, given that the project is expected to create thousands of jobs and draw some €8 billion in revenue. The project has been ap- proved by the Culture Ministry, as well as the Government Council for Economic Policy, while an independent study into the environmental impact of the project had dispelled previous concerns. At the moment, the site is abandoned; the old edifices are used as an unofficial migrant camp, and other of the old buildings have been the target of looters.
02 September 2017
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