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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 20 January 2018
DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 20 JANUARY 2018 23 GREECE Greek astrophysicist takes out coveted science prize The Dannie Heinemann Prize recognises outstanding mid-career work in the field of astrophysics Greek astrophysicist Dr Vicky Kalogera has won the 2018 Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics for her work with black holes, neutron stars, and white dwarfs. Dr Kalogera is Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, and is director of Northwestern's Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics. The physicist's work was cited as "fundamental contributions to advancing our understanding of the evolution and fate of compact objects in binary systems, with particular regard to their electromagnetic and gravitational wave signals." In 2017, Dr Kalogera was one of four Northwestern astronomy faculty who collaborated with international researchers to detect the spectacular collision of two neutron stars, and other leading contributions, as per Northwestern University's release. Dr Kalogera said of her work: "This gave us the opportunity, for the first time, to test the fundamental predictions of Einstein's theory of general relativity." "Figuring out how black holes, these hard-to-probe objects, actually form in nature is a key question in astrophysics. And probing the dense matter of neutron stars - the kinds of pressures and densities that we can never reproduce in a regular lab - is also of prime importance in astrophysics," Ms Kalogera said. The Dannie Heineman Prize, established in 1979, is named after the BelgianAmerican engineer. The award is said to recognise outstanding mid-career work in the field of astrophysics. Santorinians try to cut down on tourist arrivals This year the island will be able to host only 8,000 visitors per day As of this year, Santorini will only cater to 8,000 visitors per day in an effort to reduce congestion on the island during high season. The popular Cycladic destination hosts thousands of new tourists every day, something that is causing issues with housing and also at the port. Santorini is a significant stop for several cruise ships and yachts cruising the Aegean or the Mediterranean, with sometimes six ships stopping at the island simultaneously. The municipality of the island made the decision to reduce visitor intake to increase the quality of the experience on the island which had reportedly been deteriorating over the last five years. The daily arrivals in 2017 amounted to 12,000 people. "Four hundred and thirtynine cruise vessels have registered for 2018, compared to 409 that visited in 2017. There have already been 451 vessel registrations for next year," president of the port fund, Ilias Pelekis told Kathimerini. "If the companies themselves fail to modify the visiting times in an acceptable fashion, we will arbitrarily carry out the modifications ourselves. “In some cases we have also requested changes to the times of disembarking so that there is a minimum of an hour's gap between them, and ideally to have some in the morning and others in the afternoon," he added. The Union of Cruise Ship Owners and Associated Members (EEKFN), has also agreed to support the effort. Turkey slams Cyprus-Greece-Jordan cooperation agreements as ‘unacceptable’ A statement released by occupied northern Cyprus claimed the signing of such treaties to be “in ignorance of Turkish Cypriots’ essential rights” on the island A series of cooperation agreements signed by leaders from Greece, Cyprus, and Jordan on Tuesday at a trilateral summit in Nicosia have come under fire from Turkey as "unacceptable". The stance was communicated through an official statement released by the occupied territory of northern Cyprus. "The Greek Cypriot administration's signing of treaties with Greece and Jordan on sectors like health, education, agriculture, and mainly energy, in ignorance of Turkish Cypriots' essential rights on the island where they are joint owners of it, is unacceptable," the statement read. It was the first high-level trilateral summit of its kind between Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades, Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, and King Abdullah II of Jordan. The three leaders signed a declaration for cooperation between their countries in the fields of security, peace, and prosperity aimed at promoting cooperation in the public and private sectors. Mr Anastasiades said the summit had come at a good time, and was a chance to re- confirm the bonds of relations and friendship between the countries. "The declaration reflects the common understanding of the three countries that cooperation can contribute to handling the challenges in the wider region," he said. "One of the most important challenges we are asked to handle is fighting terrorism, a phenomenon that requires the close cooperation of the three countries." Bilateral agreements were also signed by Cyprus and Jordan for economic and technical cooperation, as well as Is this Santorini? No, it is not. It is a Santorini-themed park in Thailand. And it has attracted visitors for five years now Last Tuesday, the weather in Santorini was rather cold, windy and rainy, the temperature reaching no more than 16°C. In Santorini Park though, it was a glorious sunny day, with a temperature of 32°C, perfect for strolling around the maze of white cubic houses and the cobblestone paved streets, enjoying an ice-cream. Because despite what its name suggests, Santorini Park is not located in Santorini - it is located in Cha-am, a region in the southern part of Phetchaburi Province, western Thailand, near the popular resort town Hua Hin. In operation since May 2012, the Santorini Park is a replica of a cycladic town, set in "a white and blue photogenic Greek style," as tourist site Travelog.com puts it. It has rides, games, trampolines, water play, a Ferris wheel and a few cafes. Like some of the greatest parks of its kind, it features a hotel and an array of boutique shops, where visitors can find some of the largest brands (Nike, Adidas, Timberland, Clarks, and so on). Unlike any park of its kind, it tries to recreate the unique atmosphere of a summer holiday in Santorini, one of the most famous island towns in the world, according to the park's website. The idea might seem absurd, but people have been flocking to the park and sharing the experience on social media. "Beautiful place with many unique photo spots and many shops", reads one typical online review, with lots of others echoing the same. "Recomended place for tourist who like photography". This is the selling point of Santorini Park - it offers a setting for people to take great 'selfies' - the quintessence of the tourist experience. When the park entered the realm of Greek social media last week through the Travelog post, it was met with a mix of reactions from anger to ridicule. A Santorini local dismissed it in the Greekest way possible: "this looks like Paros." Greek parliament ratifies bill of reforms “We will leave behind a tough, unfair and harmful period,” says PM Alexis Tsipras, linking the reforms to the end of the bailout program in August On Monday Greek MPs ratified the Omnibus Bill which included dozens of fiscal, labour, and energy reforms, amid a heated debate in the House and even more heated protests taking place outside the Parliament. Among the 82 prior actions included in the 1,500 page document are all of the long standing demands by the country's creditors, regarding industrial relations, tax evasion, non-performing bank loans and auctions of forclosed properties. These prerequisites, if met, will allow Alexis Tsipras’ government to lead Greece to the end of the bailout regime in August after eight years of austerity. "We will leave behind a tough, unfair and harmful period," said the Greek PM, adding that the conclusion of the third review "gives hope to millions of our fellow citizens." Not all citizens are happy with the reforms, which include that unions should get the vote of 50 per cent of their members before they decide to go on strike, a measure which was met with outrage from the largest unions in the country and most notably the communist-party influenced PAME. "The right to strike is a sacred conquest of the working class," said the PM, responding to accusations that his government is trying to ban strike. "It is not being scrapped and it is not under threat from this government." About 20,000 people rallied outside parliament during the vote. Bus, subway and city rail services were disrupted and some flights were grounded as workers went on strike to protest against the bill, while groups of anarchists threw rocks at the Parliament and sprayed police with red paint. Teachers and doctors also staged work stoppages in state-run schools and public hospitals. Despite this atmosphere of dissent, 154 lawmakers voted in favour of the bill, and 141 MPs voted against. "You are legislating articles that even you don't agree with," saidLeader of the Opposition, Kyriakos Mitsotakis. This legislation offered some relief to the Tsipras government, as it will effectively lead to the conclusion of the third bailout review of its current, €86 billion (A$131 billion), program that expires in August. Concluding the review will help unlock about €6.5 billion (A$9 billion) in bailout loans. mutual academic recognition of higher education qualifications. The statement released by occupied northern Cyprus had somewhat of a threatening tone, stating that they would not respect one-sided steps taken by Greek Cypriots and that they would "not hesitate to take counter steps". "We would like to stress once more that we will rapidly continue consultations with Turkey about our future," continued the statement, adding that the north would "not at all be bound by the agreements signed today."
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