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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 10 February 2018
8 THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 10 FEBRUARY 2018 DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM Greece’s oldest beer found to date back to Bronze Age A new study has discovered two potential Bronze Age breweries in Greece’s north and east (L-R) Dichen Lachman, Joel Kinnaman, Laeta Kalogridis, and Martha Higareda. PHOTO: VARIETY VIA JOO MIN HO/NETFLIX Greek American producer Laeta Kalogridis premieres on Netflix Aside from entertaining audiences, Altered Carbon, set 350 years in the future, provides an indirect commentary on social matters such as economic inequality Greek American producer Laeta Kalogridis has finally seen her beloved series Altered Carbon air on Netflix. Kalogridis, who is best known for her role in producing Avatar, Shutter Island, and Alexander, pitched the idea to bring the story to the small screen some 15 years ago. The sci-fi series, based on a 2002 novel by British author Richard K Morgan, is set in the year 2384, when human consciousness can be downloaded onto 'stacks', pieces of metal stored at the base of a person's head. At the end of their lifespan, the 'stack' is transferred into a new body, known as a 'sleeve', that can be purchased. Takeshi Kovacs (Joel Kinnaman) is a violent mercenary who wakes up 250 years after his sleeve is killed. He is given the choice to spend the rest of his life in prison for his crimes, or to help solve the murder of the wealthiest man in the world (James Purefoy). It is only the rich who can afford to continually avoid the entire ageing process, and essentially, death, which Kalogridis re- vealed is a commentary on the widening gap between those "who have and those who don't", and what struck her when reading the book. "Maybe this comes out of being Greek; it is a deeply anti-democratic thing to have a few people who own everything and everybody else being underneath it. It's bad for human society," the producer said. The first season of Altered Carbon features 10 episodes, each of which reportedly cost US$6-7 million. Trenitalia to invest €500 million to upgrade Greek railway system Greece will be better connected with northern Europe by rail TrainOSE is set to get a boost from Italy, with a €500 million investment to upgrade Greece's railways. The announcement was made on Monday in Thessaloniki by Italian Ambassador to Greece Eficio Luigi Marras at a meeting with the directors of the Trade and Industrial Chamber of Thessaloniki. Trenitalia is owned by state-run Ferrove dello Stato, which in 2017 purchased a 100 per cent stake in TrainOSE. Mr Marras said that, with the investment, Trenitalia is looking to upgrade the Greek railway system to the same standards of that in Italy. By doing so, they also have plans to connect Greece with northern Europe by rail. New sci-fi series by Archaeologists have made a surprising discovery in Greece, revealing that wine was not, as previously thought to be, the only alcoholic beverage of choice in ancient Greece. A new study published in the online journal Vegetation History and Archaeobotany has uncovered two sites suspected to be breweries dating back to the Bronze Age, which could be the oldest beer-making facilities in Greece. Funded in part by the European Research Council project PlantCult, archaeologists discovered the remains of several buildings at Archondiko in northern Greece, and another at Agrissa towards the east. Impacted by fire, as a result they have been turned into time capsules with a number of insightful artefacts left behind. One of the clear indica- tors pointing to the sites being used for beer production were the 100 individual sprouted cereal grains found at Archondiko, which date back to around 2,100 to 2,000 BCE, and the additional 3,500 of them at Agrissa from 2,100 to 1,700 BCE. "I'm 95 per cent sure that they were making some form of beer," Associate Professor of Archaeology at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and study researcher Tania Valamoti told Live Science. "Not the beer we know today, but some form of beer." Archaeologists also found a two-chamber structure at Archondiko that was seemingly constructed to maintain low temperatures, along with special cups at both sites suspected to have been the vessels in which they served the beer. "It is an unexpected find for Greece, because until now all evidence pointed to wine," said Valamoti. Aside from uncovering that wine was not the only alcoholic beverage of choice, the findings also indicated to researchers that the Greeks consumed alcohol all yearround, and not just on a seasonal basis as was formerly believed. However Valamoti revealed in the study that textural evidence from historic periods in Greece clearly shows that beer was considered an alcoholic drink of foreign people, and barley wine a drink consumed by the Egyptians, Thracians, Phrygians, and Armenians. While the discovery is the oldest known evidence of beer in Greece, it is not the oldest in the world, with Egyptian records indicating that people consumed beer as early as the mid-fourth millennium BCE. Tourist returns stones from Acropolis “stolen many years ago” Apologetic sender mails bag of rocks to the Greek National Tourism Organization in New York A remorseful looter, possibly an American tourist, sent an envelope with a sealed plastic bag to the Greek National Tourism Organization in New York along with a written apology. The bag contained four small stones which appear to have been removed from the ancient site of the Acropolis many years ago. "I am sorry. I took these from a trail on the Acropolis in Greece many years ago. Please return them," the anonymous handwritten note said. The incident was made known via Twitter by the director of the Greek National Tourism Organization in USA and Canada, Grigoria Kamateros, who in an emotional post said that the stones will be handed over to the General Consulate of Greece in New York. Grigoria Kamateros posted the photo on her Twitter account stating: “Just received this letter .. what was inside brought tears in my eyes.” SOURCE: TWITTER The mail arrived at the GNTO in New York on 2 Feb- ruary, according to the social media update.
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