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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 17 March 2018
NEWS 22 THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 17 MARCH 2018 Erdogan taunts Greece: ‘Before they say things that are bigger than them, they should look at their history books’ The Turkish president has caused controversy in a speech against Greece, stating ‘they escaped being salted like fish in Sangarios, how they jumped into the sea to get away from here’ Tension between Greece and Turkey has been mounting, and it doesn't look to be dying down anytime soon, especially after a speech made by the Turkish president on Sunday. Kathimerini reports that in what appeared to be a taunt in response to comments made by Greek president Prokopis Pavlopoulos earlier in the week advising Turkey to not challenge the sovereignty of Greek islands, Recep Tayyip Erdogan made a speech at Sakarya, the region where Greece lost the 21-day Battle of the Sangarios during the Greco-Turkish War in 1921. At the symbolic site, Erdogan urged Greeks to "refresh their memory" of the history between the two countries. "Those who want to refresh their memory, they should look at their recent history," Erdogan said, adding: "Those who speak words that are too big for them should first read history books. Let them learn very well how they escaped being salted like fish in Sangarios, how they jumped into the sea to get away from here." The week prior, on Wednesday while celebrating the 70th anniversary of the incorporation of the Dodecanese into Greece on Nisyros, President Pavlopoulos made a speech in which he addressed Ankara's questioning of the sovereignty of Greek islands in the Dodecanese. "Over the duration of my term and beyond, I will do everything possible to defend the long history and the unquestionable Greekness of Nisyros and all the islands of the Dodecanese," he said. Highlighting Greece's relations with Turkey, Pavlopoulos said "Greece wants friendship and good neighbourliness with Turkey, so it supports its European accession course, but respect for the borders and for international law as a whole and the Lausanne and Paris treaties, as well as the International law of the Sea - this is the basis upon which we can build our friendship with Turkey." The Greek president also stressed that "those who harbour notions of 'gray zones' in the Aegean, or claim territory which does not belong to them, or question the full sovereignty of Greece in the Dodecanese" that Greece has the right to bolster its defence when it deemed it necessary. DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM Multibillion sub-tranche to be disbursed to Greece this month With Greece having successfully completed its third bailout review, eurozone leaders are now working on debt relief measures to help underpin Greece’s economic recovery On Monday, Greece successfully completed its third bailout review, with eurozone finance ministers approving a sub-tranche of €5.7 billion to be unlocked for Greece this month. Before the money is handed over however, the decision will first have to pass through the parliaments of individual eurozone states. The total tranche is €6.7 billion, with the additional billion euros to be given to Greece as soon as the country repays overdue debts to the private sector, and secures full and undisturbed online home auctions. "We are expecting the completion of national procedures and then the board of directors will make the final decision on the disbursement of the tranche before the end creased supervision by EU institutions after the bailout ends. To successfully exit the bailout program, Greece will need to complete a fourth review before August. PHOTO: WIWO of the month," said Managing Director of the European Stability Mechanism, Klaus Regling. With Greece's €86 billion bailout program due to end in August, Eurogroup president Mario Centeno revealed that they are working on debt relief measures and steps that will help underpin the country's economic recovery. Among the options being discussed is making any funds that remain unused at the end of the bailout program, estimated to be up to €27 billion, available for use, or alternatively returning profits made by the European Central Bank on Greek bonds. Both options would come with conditions linked to reforms, and could see in- Greece is already showing signs of improvement, with the economy growing by 1.6 per cent in 2017, with further growth of 2.5 per cent forecast by the European Commission for this year and 2019 respectively. To successfully exit the bailout program, Greece will be required to complete a fourth review before August. It will include 88 reform actions, including new privatisations and reform of the gas and electricity markets. Mr Centeno said he is feeling positive about their ability to come through, “I am confident Greece will implement all remaining deliverables to conclude the program successfully,” he enthused. Activists push for further animal cruelty awareness in Greece Greece has come a long way when it comes to animal abuse, but many perpetrators continue to get away with it When it comes to animal abuse and treating cases as a punishable crime, Greece has come a long way. But according to activists and advocates not far enough, who say that the system continues to be dysfunctional with many perpetrators continuing to get away with their crimes. Head of the Greek Animal Welfare Society (PFO), Irini Molfesi, told Kathimerini that judicial workers need to receive training on the matter. "There have been cases where animals died because a prosecutor could not understand the urgency of issuing a seizure order, or because the order came too late," she said. Meanwhile, one of the biggest challenges continues to be public awareness, with further work needed to make it clear that animal abuse is not acceptable socially and that it is punishable by law. To achieve this, Molfesi says that every incident needs to be reported. "A complaint needs to be filed at a police station and it needs to be backed with as much evidence as possible to facilitate the investigation," she urged. "The complainant should hold onto the case protocol number so they can track the progress of the case through the system." Police data revealed that in January to September 2017, 1,900 complaints were filed compared to 1,307 in 2015 and 809 in 2004. But Molfesi says they are unclear as to whether the increase is due to heightened public awareness or an increase in animal abuse, which can be triggered during times of financial hardship. From 2012, animal cruelty carries fines of up to €30,000 along with time in jail. But Alternate Minister for Rural Development Yiannis Tsironis has pushed to cut fines by 50 per cent if they are paid immediately, a move that has come under fire by activists who say it is doing little for the cause and sending the wrong message. While their focus is on the defenceless animals, Molfesi says that by raising awareness about animal abuse, there is a flow-on effect to curbing maltreatment of people too. She says that police officers can receive special training to also be able to look for signs in a perpetrator of animal abuse who may also be harming members of their family. "Cruelty against animals is a social problem, even more so since it has been proven that people who abuse animals are more likely to mistreat people as well," she said. Ancient Greek medical text uncovered beneath religious psalms on parchment High-powered X-rays have helped researchers reveal a hidden text by ancient Greek physician Aelius Galen translated in the 6th century Tensions are continuing to mount between Greece and Turkey after a speech made by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. PHOTO: KOM NEWS An international multidisciplinary team in California has made an exciting discovery, unveiling a translation of an ancient Greek medical text that until now had been covered with religious writing. Uncovered at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, scientists used high-powered X-rays to analyse a text from St Catherine's Monastery on the Sinai Peninsula. On the surface were 10th century psalms, which were found to be covering writings by ancient Greek physician Aelius Galen that had been translated a few hundred years after his death. Galen, also known as Galen of Pergamon, lived from 129 to around 216 CE, and studied medicine by dissecting monkeys and pigs – human dissection was prohibited in his lifetime. He made some important discoveries, among them that arteries carry blood, not air. His work enjoyed a resurgence in the Middle Ages when his anatomy writings became a staple of Medieval European study and then popular in the Eastern Roman Empire and the Abbasid Caliphate. The Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) used to make the discovery, is a common particle accelera- tor that works by accelerating electrons to nearly the speed of light and keeps them travelling around a many-sided polygon. Magnets change the electrons' directions, producing a beam of high-energy Xrays, which successfully revealed the ink that had been scraped off the parchment. Researchers now have plans to produce high resolution files to be made available online.
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