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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 21 July 2018
NEWS 6 THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 21 JULY 2018 DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM Greek soldiers in Turkey face possible two-year prison sentence The two Greek soldiers have been kept in custody for over four months without charge PHOTO: THESCIENCEPAGE. COM A 2,000-year-old ancient Greek papyrus has finally been deciphered It has taken scholars over 500 years since the papyrus was brought to the University of Basel’s library in Switzerland to discover its hidden meaning It has taken scholars over 500 years to decipher the meaning 'locked' within a 2,000-year-old papyrus from ancient Greece. Covered in mirrored text on both sides, it has been in the University of Basel's library in Switzerland for hundreds of years, with researchers continually hitting a wall. This month a major breakthrough was announced. Ultraviolet and infrared images of the papyrus unveiled that it was not a single papyrus, but made up of layers of plant fibre paper that had been glued together. A manuscript specialist meticulously separated each page, making the Greek text legible for the first time. "This is a sensational discov- ery," said project leader and professor of ancient history at the University of Basel Sabine Huebner. "The majority of papyri are documents such as letters, contracts and receipts. This is a literary text, however, and they are vastly more valuable." After further research the team discovered it is a medical text from late antiquity, which describes "the phenomenon of 'hysterical apnea'". "We therefore assume that it is either a text from the Roman physician Galen, or an unknown commentary on his work," Professor Huebner said. A prominent figure in the history of medicine, Galen was a Greek physician highly regarded for his work on medicine and philosophy, and his notes and illustrations of the human anatomy. Professor Huebner hopes to provide additional impetus to papyrus research, sharing the digitalised collection with international databases. Tsipras’ family accused of corruption A company belonging to the Tsipras family was granted a project worth €1.1 million in 2012, raising concerns of corruption after the case never reached court. On Monday, press spokes- woman for conservative New Democracy, Maria Spyraki, announced that the project was granted to technical company Diodos, owned by the prime minister's brother Dimitri, on the basis of a fake social security clearance certificate. Spyraki noted that Dimitris Tsipras was indicted to trial over the affair in 2015, claiming that the following year legislation was changed "overnight" to ensure that the case was not examined in court. Two Greek soldiers being held in pre-trial detention in a prison in Edirne continue to face an uncertain fate four months after being arrested. Captured in March by Turkish authorities after crossing the Greece-Turkish border, which they insist happened by mistake, it has since emerged that the pair could face a two-year prison sentence. On Tuesday, a Turkish judge at a court in Edirne rejected the fifth appeal put forward for the release of the soldiers. A Turkish prosecutor told the court that there was "strong suspicion" the Greek soldiers had entered a restricted military zone. If the charge of espionage is pursued, the soldiers could face up to two years in prison if convicted, the prosecutor said. Meanwhile given the solPHOTO: NEA SELIDA diers have no fixed address in Turkey, the judicial officials said there were concerns they would flee the country if released. Appearing on Greek tel- evision station ANT1 on Wednesday, Greek government spokesman Dimitris Tzanakopoulos responded to the matter, accusing Turkish authorities of "playing with human lives", reports Kathimerini, and claimed that An- kara looks to be using the soldiers as a bargaining chip. Mr Tzanakopoulos expressed solidarity with the soldiers, stating that Athens would use "all means of political leverage and all diplomatic and legal avenues" to assist in their release. The court's decision also came under fire from Greece's Deputy Minister of National Defence, Fotis Kouvelis, who said that Ath- ens would under no means be engaging in a trade-off of any kind for the release of the soldiers. The rejected appeal follows a brief meeting between Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and Turkish President Tayyip Erdoğan in Brussels where they were taking part in a NATO summit, during which they agreed to focus on reducing tensions in the Aegean. Large-scale prostitution enterprise in Greece exploiting migrant women dismantled Thirteen suspects have been arrested, and warrants have been issued for the arrest of 12 more A major prostitution enterprise that had been exploiting migrant women has been dismantled by Greek authorities. Greek police's organised crime and human trafficking unit coordinated the arrest of 13 people suspected of involvement in Athens, Mykonos, and the southwest Peloponnese. Meanwhile, arrest warrants have been issued for an additional 12 suspects, reports Kathimerini. Those involved have been described by police as being 'members of a gang'. They would smuggle women into Greece from neighbouring countries under the false promise of finding them legal employment. Once in the Greek capital however, the women would be stripped of their identification and travel documents. They were kept in apartments and then violently forced to work as prostitutes in Athens and across the country. The criminals would arrange civil unions to marry the women for money, in a bid to grant the women Greek residency, and file lawsuits to undermine their credibility if challenged. According to investigators, evidence suggests at least 25 women have been exploited as part of the illegal enterprise over the past six months. Greek billionaire’s son found dead in hotel room with bags of cocaine Socrates S Kokkalis, 34, has been found dead in a hotel room in downtown Cleveland The son of Greek billionaire Socrates P Kokkalis Sr, has been found dead in a hotel room in the US. The body of Socrates S Kokkalis, aged 34, was discovered in a room at the Mar- Socrates S Kokkalis. PHOTO: KATHIMERINI riott Hotel in Cleveland last Saturday afternoon, with police claiming they found three bags of cocaine within the deceased's vicinity. According to police report, it appeared Kokkalis, the vice-president of Olympiakos, had died some 12 hours before his body was found. The 34-year-old's father, after whom he is named, is the founder of the largest telecommunications company in southeastern Europe, Intracom, and was the chair of Olympiakos. "His premature passing ... left the entire Olympiakos family in mourning for the unexpected loss of our club's vice-president,'" reads a statement issued by Olympiakos. The cause of death has yet to be determined by the Cuyahoga County Medical Examiner's Office, and is currently under investigation, with suspicions Kokkalis passed away due to a drug overdose.
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