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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 29 September 2018
DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 29 SEPTEMBER 2018 19 HISTORY The Sultan allowed them self-government as long as an annual tribute of £2,700 was paid. The ruler of the island was appointed by the Ottomans; a Greek given the title of Prince of Samos. He ruled from the port of Vathi, along with a small Parliament that was established that included a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies. Stephanos Vogorides became the first Prince until 1849, when the islanders revolted against his harsh tax collection. George Konemenos arrived in 1851, a reformer who built schools in each village and modernised local bureaucracy and the judiciary. In turn he was replaced by John Ghikas in 1855 who encouraged education for all, resulting in a more cultured and educated island - one that Pythagoras would have enjoyed. Many would go abroad to Constantinople or Greece to attain further education, returning to the island when studies were completed. They brought with them fashion and ideas from wherever they came from. Miltiades Aristarchis came in 1859 and used engineering to create a better capital. He was overthrown in 1866 in an uprising, though not before Ottoman troops had made a venture to the island to support the Prince. A number of rulers followed who would commence benign in their rule before morphing into a difficult leader, including Pavlos Mousouros, Konstantinos Adosidis, Konstantinos Vagianis, Ioannis Vithynos (another to be overthrown), Michail Grigoriadis, and Andreas Kopasis who was assassinated in 1912. Grigorios Vegleris was the 19th and final Prince in 1912, holding the record of the shortest reign of just four months. With the commencement of the Balkan War, exiled Samian patriot Themistocles Sophoulis, returned to the island to declare a union with Greece which was ratified a few months later. At this point there were about 60,000 people living on the island. Here ended the Principality of Samos. What has not ended is the beauty of the island and its historical importance to Greece. * Billy Cotsis is a filmmaker, and the author of 'From Pyrrhus to Cyprus: Forgotten and Remembered Hellenic Kingdoms, Territories and a Fiefdom'. Samos, Greece. Exiled Samian patriot Themistocles Sophoulis. The last Prince of Samos, Grigorios Vegleris. Agios Nikolaos Greek Orthodox Church on Samos.
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