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The Weekend Neos Kosmos : 02 November 2019
DIGITAL.NEOSKOSMOS.COM THE WEEKEND NEOS KOSMOS | SATURDAY 2 NOVEMBER 2019 7 HISTORY Pylos celebrates 192nd anniversary of the historic Navarino Naval Battle “Greek and other Allied soldiers at Mudros during the Dardanelles campaign [c1915-16]”, Press Photograph. PHOTO: FRENCH NATIONAL LIBRARY. Minor Hellenic volunteers escorting Ottoman prisoners to the French camp south of Mudros, no doubt where a POW compound had been erected. Given the Hellenic volunteers presence on Lemnos since before the landings and up to July 1915, these must have been some of the first Ottoman prisoners captured by the Allies at Gallipoli. One of the fascinating things about the close up photograph of this event is the clearly visible tsarouchia of the young soldier closest to the camera. And it would have made sense for these soldiers to guard their Ottoman prisoners, their no doubt being able to communicate with the prisoners. One wonders what would have gone through their minds – Ottoman soldiers and Asia Minor Hellenic volunteers in the Allied service – and what they might have said to each other. There is one remaining photograph that I have found that appears to depict a solitary Hellenic volunteer on the Gallipoli peninsula, on the Helles front. This was taken again by Lieutenant Ernest Brooks and is held in the Imperial War Museum on London, depicting a group of Allied soldiers – including Australians – before the great fort at Sedd el Bahr. Clearly standing at the back of the group is one of the Hellenic volunteers, with his dark fur pill-box hat and familiar uniform. This is the only photograph I have been able to find of these volunteers at Gallipoli itself. I look forward to the discovery of more photographs of these Hellenic volunteers and maybe even some stories of their service from the many letters, memoirs and diaries of the Gallipoli campaign. No doubt much could be revealed in the archives of the French Army, and specifically that of the French Foreign Legion. It was my pleasure to be among guests at the recent annual dinner dance and celebration of the Krithian Association of Australia, where Ms Kris Stamboulidis spoke to me of the results of her recent research. She has identified at least one the thousand, Mr Ioannis Yiannelos. This volunteer came from Krithia on the Gallipoli Pen- “Greek volunteers for French Foreigh Legion, training on Lemnos.” MS 10340 PHOTO: ALBUM, MANUSCRIPTS COLLECTION, STATE LIBRARY OF VICTORIA insula, having escaped conscription into the Ottoman labour units. He would serve in the three terrible and ill-fated battles launched by the Allies to capture his home village from the Ottomans. While Ioannes fortunately survived the ordeal, thousands of other Allied soldiers did not. Like the Fitzroy-born trade union leader and then officer in the Australian 6th Battalion, Second Lieutenant William Davis. William was one of the many Australians who were killed at the second battle of Krithia on 8th May. Over 50 per cent of his battalion was casualties of this battle alone. I thank one of our Committee members, Malcolm McDonald, for bringing the story of William Davis to my attention. It is great that the Krithian Association of Australia takes part in the annual service – known as Krithia Day – held by the 6th Battalion association at Melbourne's Shrine of Remembrance on 8 May, the anniversary of the Second Battle of Krithia. Krithia, Lemnos and Gallipoli – names that connect Australia and Greece, through our shared history and connections. * Jim Claven is a freelance writer, Secretary of the Lemnos Gallipoli Commemorative Committee and author of the new book – Lemnos & Gallipoli Revealed: A Pictorial History of the Anzacs in the Aegean 191516. The book will be launched by the Premier of Victoria, the Hon Daniel Andrews MP, at the State Library of Victoria, 6pm, Wednesday 13th November 2019. Book tour tickets through the eventbrite website (eventbrite.com.au) by going to the "Lemnos & Gallipoli Revealed" event page. To purchase your copy of the book, please email firstname.lastname@example.org. Pylos has honoured and revived one of the most historic events in modern Greek history. Pylos-Nestor Municipality celebrated the 192nd anniversary of the historic Navarino Naval Battle in a three-day commemorative event from 18 to 20 October. This year's festivities were attended by more than 10,000 visitors, including the President of the Hellenic Republic, Prokopis Pavlopoulos. The historic Navarino Naval Battle was revived in the old port of Pylos, with the participation of five rare traditional sailing boats of the Traditional Boat Association, including one dating back to 1900, along with the assistance of special audiovisual media and fireworks. Nikolaos Vlavianos, Vice President of the Association for the Preservation and Conservation of Traditional Shipbuilding and Nautical Art and Heritage 'Proteas', designed and manufactured a ship model of that era with tackle for the reenactment of the Turkish flagship. Navarinia is a celebration that commemorates the history of all nations involved, as well as people who have passed to immortality by putting their stamp on the founding of the modern Greek State. Among the official guests were also former Prime Minister, Antonis Samaras; Messinia MP and representative of the Hellenic Parliament, Giannis Lampropoulos; Messinia MPs, Periklis Mantas and Miltos Chryssomalis; Peloponnese Regional Governor, Panagiotis Nikas; and Pylos-Nestor Mayor Panagiotis Karvelas. The official program began on 18 October, with a traditional and modern boat race in the Navarino Bay under the auspices of Maritime Athletic Pylos Association 'NESTOR' and the Traditional Boat Association. Traditional national dances were performed by the Ladies Association in Pylos and Pylos Cultural Association. PHOTOS: SUPPLIED There was also a periodical ship model exhibition of George Bouzounis, and artwork by Denis Gaille, curated by Vassilis Vrettakos and Dionysis Karalis (Navarinia Committee) in collaboration with Nikolaos Vlavianos (Proteas Association), George Vozikis (member of the Institute of Shipbuilding Art), Aris Arvanitakis (Phoenix Register of Shipping Chief Executive Officer) and Maria Galoufa (archaeologist). This was then followed by a roundtable discussion on the topic 'Aris of Tsamadou'. Official guests included European Maritime Heritage President, David Morgan and board members Tomas Hoppe, Nice Edvine List Peterson and Jian Matias Vesterman. As part of the commemorations, an honorary event was also held in favour of the French who lost their lives from Thermes during the period 1828-1832. During the three-day celebrations, those who visited Pylos were able to visit 'Psara' frigate and the Russian patrol vessel 'Vasily Bykov'.
26 October 2019
09 November 2019